1.1                       Objectives of the program

The Environmental Biology Major offers students the opportunity of studying the interrelationship and interdependence of the biotic (living things) and abiotic (non-living things) factors that work within the ecological world. It is designed to provide students with a foundation in evolution, environmental health, environmental law and regulations, population, prevention and control ecological disasters, management and utilization of natural resources, sustainable development using best available technologies as well as in chemistry, physics, computer science and mathematics. Environmental Biology major also focuses on developing strong communication skills, including critical reasoning, reading and writing.

1.2    Minimum Entry Requirements for Ordinary National (OND)

Candidates for admission into the OND programme should have a minimum of:

  1. Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSCE) with credit level passes in not more than two sittings in five subjects including English Language, Biology, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
  2. GCE ‘O’ level or its equivalent (Teachers Grade II or West African School Certificate with credit level passes in five relevant subjects specified in (i) above.
  3. In addition to any of the above, Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and Post UTME result having the required cut off mark and relevant subject combination of English language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

1.3    Minimum Entry Requirement for Higher National Diploma (HND)

Candidates for admission into the HND programme should have at OND a CGPA of 2.5 and above and must pass the institution’s aptitude test. Upon admission, the candidate should provide evidence of twelve (12) months post ND Industrial Training (IT) in a relevant field. Candidates with a CPGA of 2.0 to 2.49 should provide evidence of twenty-four months (two years) of post ND Industrial Training.

2.0                       Scope/Courses

The curriculum of the program consists of five main components. These are:

  1. General studies/education
  2. Foundation courses
  3. Professional courses
  4. Supervised Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES- for OND students)
  5. Post ND Industrial Training (a prerequisite for HND)
  6. Field trip
  7. Research work.

The structure of the programme (OND and HND) consists of four semesters of classroom, laboratory, workshops, field trips, four months of Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES at OND). Each semester shall be of 17 weeks duration made up as follows:

  1. 15 contact weeks of teaching, i.e. recitation, practical excercise, quizzes, tests etc.
  2. 2 weeks for examinations and registration

3.0                       Area of Specialization/Specialty

The field of Environmental Biology is very broad. It is commonly associated with environmental remediation and rehabilitation. Common Divisions/Specialties within Environmental Biology include

  • Conservation Biology
  • Ecology
  • Evolution
  • Habitat Restoration
  • Marine Biology
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Wildlife Restoration
  • Fisheries
  • Mycology
  • Entomology
  • Botany
  • Plant and Animal Physiology
  • Plant and Animal Pathology
  • Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Environmental Law and Policy
  • Toxicology
  • Soil Science
  • Energy Resource Management
  • Waste Management

3.1                       Skills Acquired

The students are trained to acquire skills such as:

  1. Critical Reasoning: the students during and after training should be able to:
  • Interpret and critique scientific text, presentations, and primary literature
  • Structure and place appropriate references to literature
  • Speculate on meanings of data and deduce future directions
  • Relate biology to other disciplines
  1. Communication: they should also be able to:
  • Present scientific papers/materials to bath scientific and general audiences
  • Speak and write precisely
  • Present scientific idea arguing from proven scientific evidence
  • Stimulate interest of audience


  1. Research: The students are trained to complete an independent research project under the guidance of a lecturer specializing in a specific area of environmental concern. Therefore they can:


  • Design and perform experiments
  • Create mathematical models in order to test scientific hypotheses
  • Use a variety of sources to develop questions and hypotheses
  • Collect and present data
  • Construct, evaluate, and interpret both qualitative and quantitative data


  1. Entrepreneurial skill: the students are trained to
  • Generate and evaluate scientific based business ideas using local content
  • Identify, assess and exploit opportunities within their environment
  • Conduct and write feasibility study report on a chosen business idea
  • Write a business plan and proposal
  • Product and service selection techniques
  • Understand operational techniques in managing an enterprise


3.2     Internship Opportunities

  • Government Parastatals and Agencies
  • Nonprofit organizations
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Biotechnological companies (Pharmaceuticals)
  • Breweries
  • Animal and botanical Conservation centres
  • Research centres


3.3    Job/ Employment Opportunities/Career Prospects

A wide range of employers recruit our graduates for biology- related jobs including:

  • Universities and clinical research organizations;
  • Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies;
  • Public and private hospitals and National Health Scheme;
  • National and global health and environmental organizations;
  • Scientific and technical consultancies;
  • Schools and colleges;
  • Outreach organizations, such as museum, science centers and broadcast companies

Students who major in Environmental Biology will be prepared to continue their education through graduate study in Evolution, Genetics, and other area in addition; they will be prepared to work with agencies dealing with the public policy, conservation, science education, medicine and international relations. They can also work as:

  • Environmental biologist
  • Conservation Scientist
  • Ecologist
  • Epidemiologist
  • Medical Laboratory Assistant
  • Pharmaceutical salesperson
  • Professor
  • Bio-technologist
  • Forensic scientist
  • Pharmaceutical researcher and developer
  • Government agency researcher or administrator
  • Veterinarian
  • Zoologist
  • Higher education lecturers
  • Nature and conservation officer
  • Microbiologists
  • Research scientist ( life sciences)
  • Research scientist (medical)
  • Secondary school Teacher
  • Soil scientist
  • Entomologist
  • Scientific Author
  • Environmental and community health officer